Peat depth, minerals below peat, carbon, fires and its characteristics a long transect between Tangkiling and Kasongan, Central Kalimantan, 9-2006
in Palangkaraya, Kalimantan, Indonesia 17.-18-September 2006
1) Kalteng Consultants, Kirchstockacher Weg 2,
D-85635 Hoehenkirchen near Munich Germany,
Email: ViktorBoehm@t-online.de; www.kalteng.org
2) University of Palangka Raya, Indonesia
Keywords: Peat Land Topography, Peat Drilling, Minerals, Carbon Storage, Fires
Tropical Peatland has been accumulated between the Rivers Rungan and Katingan in Central Kalimantan during the last 10 000 years. Since the 1980s peatland and Peat Swamp Forest (PSF) is being opened by logging and fires for the construction of the Kalimantan highway between the rivers Rungan (at Tangkiling) and Katingan (at Kasongan). Before then access to that area of peatland was possible only by boat. Since then land development projects have taken place in form of human settlements, agricultural cultivation and plantations, which have greatly increased the risk of peatland fires during the dry season.
In 1997 and 2002 El Niño prolonged the dry season considerably causing additional risk of fire. With the help of Remote Sensing and a Geographical Information System (GIS) exact survey is possible, providing information as to the changes in the landscapes and the condition of the environment. An integrate planning and management program can be achieved. To understand better the situation of that area peat drillings parallel to the Kalimantan highway have been done. Results of the peat depth combined with measured minerals below peat and its characteristics will be presented during the workshop and the estimation of carbon storage of that area with the help of Landsat and SRTM DEM-Satellite images (Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, Digital Elevation Model). Carbon storage value is between 0.92 to 1.1 Gtons for this upper Sebangau-, Katingan- Rungan-area.